Andrey Rylkov Foundation
for Health and Social Justice
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Implementation of UPR recommendations received and accepted by the Russian Federation during the second UPR cycle, as relevant to the fast growing HIV epidemic combined with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

This report is drafted on behalf of the Russian Public Mechanism for Monitoring of Drug Policy reform by the Andrey Rylkov Foundation for Social Justice and Health with technical assistance of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.

This report provides information on the implementation of UPR recommendations received and accepted by the Russian Federation during the second UPR cycle, as relevant to the fast growing HIV epidemic combined with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/RR-TB).

The report was submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group within a Third Universal Periodic Review of the Russian Federation in 2018.

The report starts with UPR recommendations related to the right to health (Cuba and Brazil) and follow with UPR recommendations which have the direct relevance to people who inject drugs (PWID) as a group most marginalized and affected by HIV and MDR-TB in Russia

The report concludes with the following recommendations for the Russian Federation during the third UPR cycle:

  • Provide clear legal grounds and other support to WHO recommended measures for HIV prevention among people who inject drugs, in particular the opioid substitution therapy with use of methadone and buprenorphine, as well as needle and syringe, and overdose prevention programs
  • Address vulnerability of people who inject drugs to HIV and depenalize drug users, by repealing administrative and criminal punishment for drug use, possession with no intent to supply, and social distribution (micro- trafficking) of drugs.

Download the Report



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